Route depicting the history of Polish kings
For better organization of package tours dealing with sightseeing of Krakow, set in the city several tourist routes, so that tour guides certainly not skip some interesting places during the show tourists around the city. One of the important points of a visit to Krakow is a tour of Krakow's religious monuments, which after all, in this city there is no shortage, and are a very good testimony to the progressive development of the architecture. Many people will want to also travel route in the footsteps of John Paul II.
The traditional route, which is not to be missed during a visit to Krakow is also a route that allows to know the history of Polish kings, who resided in this city.
Golden Age in Poland
trips to cracow
The 15th and 16th centuries were known as Poland's Złoty Wiek or Golden Age.
Many works of Polish Renaissance art and architecture were created, including ancient synagogues in Kraków's Jewish quarter located in the north-eastern part of Kazimierz, such as the Old Synagogue.
During the reign of Casimir IV, various artists came to work and live in Kraków, and Johann Haller established a printing press in the city after Kasper Straube had printed the Calendarium Cracoviense, the first work printed in Poland, in 1473.
In 1520, the most famous church bell in Poland, named Zygmunt after Sigismund I of Poland, was cast by Hans Behem.
At that time, Hans Dürer, a younger brother of artist and thinker Albrecht Dürer, was Sigismund's court painter. Hans von Kulmbach made altarpieces for several churches.
In 1553, the Kazimierz district council gave the Jewish Qahal a licence for the right to build their own interior walls across the western section of the already existing defensive walls.
The walls were expanded again in 1608 due to the growth of the community and influx of Jews from Bohemia.
In 1572, King Sigismund II, the last of the Jagiellons, died childless.
The Polish throne passed to Henry III of France and then to other foreign-based rulers in rapid succession, causing a decline in the city's importance that was worsened by pillaging during the Swedish invasion and by an outbreak of bubonic plague that left 20,000 of the city's residents dead.
In 1596, Sigismund III of the Swedish House of Vasa moved the administrative capital of the Polish?Lithuanian Commonwealth from Kraków to WarsawŹródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krak%C3%B3w#History
The Vistula (/?v?stj?l?/; Polish: Wisła ?viswa) is the longest and largest river in Poland, at 1,047 kilometres (651 miles) in length.
The drainage basin area of the Vistula is 194,424 km2 (75,068 sq mi), of which 168,699 km2 (65,135 sq mi) lies within Poland (splitting the country in half).
The remainder is in Belarus, Ukraine and Slovakia.
The Vistula rises at Barania Góra in the south of Poland, 1,220 meters (4,000 ft) above sea level in the Silesian Beskids (western part of Carpathian Mountains), where it begins with the White Little Vistula (Biała Wisełka) and the Black Little Vistula (Czarna Wisełka).1 It then continues to flow over the vast Polish plains, passing several large Polish cities along its way, including Kraków, Sandomierz, Warsaw, Płock, Włocławek, Toruń, Bydgoszcz, Świecie, Grudziądz, Tczew and Gdańsk.
It empties into the Vistula Lagoon (Zalew Wiślany) or directly into the Gdańsk Bay of the Baltic Sea with a delta and several branches (Leniwka, Przekop, Śmiała Wisła, Martwa Wisła, Nogat and Szkarpawa).Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vistula.